Mesosphere-Thermosphere Emissions for Ozone Remote Sensing

METEORS was a NASA Langley sounding rocket program subcontracted to SDL. SDL built and integrated the science section of the rocket. Instruments provided by SDL included a 9.6 µm circular variable filter spectrometer (CVF), a 2-channel near-IR warm radiometer, and an atomic oxygen resonance-fluorescence/absorption experiment (ATOX). JHU/APL provided a near-IR spectrometer. NASA Wallops provided integration and launch support. METEORS launched from White Sands Missile Range in August 1997.

METEORS measured infrared emissions from molecular oxygen, enabling scientists to determine the amount of ozone present. The sounding rocket measurements were compared to data derived from two instruments released into orbit by the Space Shuttle Discovery. METEORS was a pathfinding mission for NASA’s Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite mission.